According to historian rayford logan, the nadir of american race relations was the period in the history of the southern united states from the end of reconstruction in 1877 through the early 20th century, when racism in the country was worse than in any other period after the american civil war. The rebuilding of the south after the civil war is called the reconstruction the reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877 the purpose of the reconstruction was to help the south become a part of the union again. The event: large-scale war fought between the northern states of the union and eleven southern slaveholding states of the confederacy that declared their secession from the united states date: 1861-1865 location: principally in the southern united states significance: immigrants played leading roles in the civil war and the reconstruction of the south apart from slavery, few issues were as.
The decades leading up to the civil war witnessed many dramatic changes in the united states to go back to the year 1815, america had been what we might call a third-world country most people then lived on isolated farmsteads. Reconstruction: reconstruction, the period (1865-77) after the american civil war during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the union of the 11 states that had seceded. African‐americans after reconstruction in the states of the former confederacy, despite all the calls for a new south in the years after reconstruction, tensions continued to center upon the relations between blacks and whites.
The reconstruction implemented by congress, which lasted from 1866 to 1877, was aimed at reorganizing the southern states after the civil war, providing the means for readmitting them into the union, and defining the means by which whites and blacks could live together in a nonslave society. One of the first major events in america after the civil war was the period of reconstruction, which lasted from about 1865 until 1876 this was a period of great upheaval and the nation attempted to reorganize itself and integrate the southern states that now had to become part of the union. The reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in american historythe term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the american civil war the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex-confederate states from 1863 to 1877, as directed by congress.
This is why web du bois, in his great 1935 work “black reconstruction in america,” saw the end of reconstruction as a tragedy for democracy, not just in the united states but around the globe. After the conclusion of america’s civil war, president abraham lincoln pitched the idea of “reconstruction,” which would bring the southern states back into the union president lincoln, according to many radical republicans, was too gentle on the south. The period after the civil war in the united states was marked by several famous incidents involving violations of the public trust some of these incidents took place in the north, even in the. The words “tragic” and “tragedy” have long been linked to the reconstruction era in the united states, but the reason for the association has shifted over time in the first 50 years after.
For instance, ku klux klan emerged during the reconstruction and cases of lynching of african americans in southern states of the us were quire frequent that justified the deployment of the army to protect african americans shortly after the civil war. Civil war reconstruction books on reconstruction after the civil war the republic for which it stands: the united states during reconstruction and the gilded age, 1865-1896 by richard white the reconstruction of america after the civil war by heather cox richardson. Before the civil war began, african americans had only been able to vote in a few northern states, and there were virtually no black officeholders the months after the union victory in april 1865. Out of war, a new nation spring 2010, vol 42, no 1 of more than 4 million slaves into citizens with equal rights became the central issue of the troubled 12-year reconstruction period after the civil war, during which the promise of equal rights was fulfilled for a brief time and then largely abandoned the united states went to war. Reconstruction: america after the civil war (wt) is a production of mcgee media, inkwell films and weta washington, dc henry louis gates, jr and dyllan mcgee are executive producers.
Reconstruction and the gilded age how technology and capitalism shaped america after the civil war 1865 to 1896 saw tumultuous changes, as a new “oxford history of the united states” shows. Americans emerged from world war ii as the only major combatant to avoid having its homeland ravaged by war, the us economy was clearly the strongest in the world, and, of course, the united states was the only country in the world to possess that awesome new weapon, the atomic bomb. Civil war and reconstruction, 1861-1877 the rise of industrial america, 1877-1900 the progressive era to the new era, 1900-1929 soon after retiring as president of the united states, ulysses s grant, embarked with his wife on a two-year tour of the world the civil war began as a conventional contest of army versus army but by the.
In the history of the united states, reconstruction era has two uses the first covers the entire nation in the period 1865–1877 following the civil war the second one, used in this article, covers the transformation of the southern united states from 1863 to 1877, with the reconstruction of state and society in the former confederacy. The second phase of reconstruction occurred after the 1866 elections and began congressional reconstruction, 1866-1873 part of the united states department of war, and headed by union general oliver o howard fully operational from june reconstruction: the second civil war. America’s reconstruction: people and politics after the civil war this exhibition is part of the digital history site that contains an up-to-date us history textbook annotated primary sources on slavery, united states, mexican american, and native american history and succinct essays on the history of ethnicity and immigration, film.